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ABA Therapy

What is Applied Behavior Analysis?

Applied Behavior Analysis (commonly referred to as ABA) is a type of therapy designed to help children on the autism spectrum to develop and improve their social and emotional skills and behavior. ‌

The basic premise of ABA therapy is to reinforce desired behaviors and discourage unwanted behaviors. Therapists use rewards to encourage children to develop communication, language, and other skills. ABA therapy has been practiced since the 1960s. The methods used have evolved over the years, but are built around the idea of giving positive responses and rewards when a child performs a task successfully, and ignoring or redirecting their behavior when they do not.

ABA therapy programs can help:

  • Increase language and communication skills for children on the spectrum
  • Improve their attention, focus, social skills, memory, and academic performance
  • Decrease any problem behaviors they are exhibiting

 

Who provides ABA services?

ABA therapy is provided by Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs), Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analysts (BCaBAs), Registered Behavior Technicians (RBTs), or paraprofessionals.

 

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How ABA Therapy Works

Consultation and Assessment
The therapist will start by performing an ABA assessment, which is a measurement of your child’s performance across several communication, language, and social skill benchmarks, and will assign an approximate developmental age for each skill. This information will be useful in helping to determine individualized goals and objectives for your child.

The six skill areas ABA therapists will assess are:

  • Home
  • School
  • Basic Living
  • Community Participation
  • Independent Living
  • Vocational

 This form of behavior analysis helps the therapist to understand:

  • How your child behaves
  • How their behavior is affected by their environment
  • How they learn

 

Qualities you should look for in an ABA therapist

A good ABA therapist is empathetic, creative, patient, and persistent. They are able to connect well with your child and have the ability to understand what drives their behavior and how that behavior can be influenced.

What questions should I ask a therapist before signing my child up for ABA therapy?

  • How many hours of therapy will my child receive?
  • How long will my child receive treatment?
  • Will I participate in sessions with my child?
  • How often will we meet to discuss progress?
  • How will we know when therapy is no longer needed?

 Developing a Therapy Plan
Your child’s therapist will develop a Behavior Intervention Plan (also called a BIP) which is a formal plan that aims to stop inappropriate behavior and establish appropriate alternative behaviors. The BIP will provide insights as to why the behavior happens, and outline the strategies, tools, and support systems that will be used to teach your child alternative behaviors.

Caregiver Training
To help your child do their best with ABA therapy you, your family, and other caregivers will be given the tools and strategies needed to reinforce the training across all of the settings that your child encounters during their day.

Your child’s therapist will determine some caregiver training goals when therapy begins. They will explain to you why your child’s particular behaviors occur, and how to respond. These goals will be individualized to meet your child’s and your family’s needs.

 

Evaluation Frequency

ABA therapists use standardized developmental assessments to ensure that the therapy they’re providing is meeting your child’s particular needs. They will use a variety of tools at set times to measure progress, including developmental milestones, standardized assessments, and school readiness screenings.

 

What about the controversy surrounding ABA?

ABA therapy is currently the most common method of treatment that is prescribed by physicians for children on the spectrum, and is considered to be the “gold standard.” However, there are those who believe that ABA is too tough on children with autism spectrum disorders because it aims to change their natural behaviors.

ABA therapy motivates and encourages a child with autism to stop behaviors that are interfering with daily life, and to practice new, appropriate behaviors. This is done by ignoring inappropriate behaviors and rewarding acceptable behaviors. To some people this approach may look like it lacks empathy, but ABA therapists know that this helps to create positive behaviors while reducing negative ones.

The reality is that ABA helps families to teach their children functional and social skills and achieve independence.

 

Is there evidence that ABA works?

Long-term studies conducted by the doctor who developed ABA therapy proved that early intervention and intensive behavioral therapy enabled children with autism to achieve success.

He concluded that 90% of children make substantial gains through ABA. Since that time, parents and therapists have seen how ABA is effective at reducing disruptive behaviors including tantrums, aggression, inappropriate self-stimulatory behavior, and self-injury.

Additionally, ABA is effective at increasing the social skills that many children with autism find challenging such as social engagement, communication, play, and helping themselves.

 

Is ABA covered by insurance?

ABA is covered by most state-funded and commercial insurances. To be sure that ABA is covered by your health insurance it is always best to verify this with your insurance provider first.

 

Where do I find ABA services?

LifeStance can help you find professionals who are trained to provide ABA consultations, assessments, and therapy. Please contact the providers featured on this page for more information.

 

 

ABA Therapy FAQ