Key Takeaways Key Takeaways
  • Narrative therapy separates the person from their problems, allowing them to scrutinize their issues from an external viewpoint.

  • The realization that individuals are not defined by their problems can empower individuals to change their narratives.

  • You are the author of your own story, and through Narrative Therapy, you can alter your outlook on the world and in turn your place within it.

How Narrative Therapy Lets People Rewrite Their Story

Everything You Need to Know About Narrative Therapy

Using the power of storytelling to promote healing and personal growth, Narrative Therapy is a respectful, non-blaming approach to counseling and community work. It upholds the individual as the expert in their own life, refusing to pigeonhole them as a problem to be solved. It operates on the premise that our lives are shaped by the stories we tell ourselves and, since stories can be rewritten, so can our lives.

Keep reading for everything you need to know about Narrative Therapy.

The Transformative Power of Narrative Therapy

The strength of Narrative Therapy lies in its ability to foster resilience, empathy, and self-efficacy. It empowers individuals to rewrite their narratives, thus reshaping their identities and their relationships. Narrative Therapy allows people to shed their past lives and step into a new era, taking control of their beliefs and their lives. During, people learn to:

  • Recognize you are not your problems
  • Understand you are the author of your life
  • Realize you have the ability to rewrite your narrative

Techniques in Narrative Therapy

Narrative Therapy techniques provide effective ways to alter perceptions, rewrite life stories, and create meaningful change. Here are five of the most common techniques used:

1.   Tell your story

This technique, also known as “re-authoring” or “re-storying,” involves assisting the client in developing their life story in their own words. This process allows individuals to find meaning, heal, and establish a more integrated identity. When clients reinterpret their experiences, they can craft a new narrative altogether, freeing themselves from past events or repetitive cycles they may have been trapped within.

2.   Externalization

Through externalization, individuals can see their problems or behaviors as separate from themselves, rather than integral parts of their identity. The simple switch from “I’m an angry person” to “I’m a person who sometimes gets angry” can have an immense impact on self-perception and confidence. Feel empowered to control your personal identity by realizing it exists outside of you.

3.   Deconstruction

Through deconstruction, the client’s problems become more understandable and manageable. Breaking them down promotes specificity and reduces overgeneralization, enabling a clearer understanding of the core issues. For example, a person feeling misunderstood in a relationship might find at the core feelings of loneliness or a lack of intimacy.

These tools carve space for profound personal growth and incredible self-improvement. Exposure therapists use these techniques to facilitate understanding while promoting empowerment and transformation.

Narrative Exposure Therapy

Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), a specific form of Narrative Therapy, is particularly effective for individuals suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This approach encourages individuals to revisit traumatic events and reconstruct them into a coherent narrative, creating space for healing.

Narrative Family Therapy

Narrative Family Therapy (NFT) extends these principles to familial relationships, helping family members reframe their interactions and relationships. It builds understanding, encourages empathy, and makes space for healthier communication patterns within the family. Studies show Narrative Therapy is particularly effective for children, who demonstrated a significant improvement in self-awareness, self-management, social awareness/empathy, and responsible decision-making.

How Narrative Therapy Can Change Lives

Narrative Therapy has countless success stories that showcase its transformative power. It has helped many individuals gain newfound perspectives on their life experiences, offering hope, resilience, and a more positive self-image. Externalizing problems and rewriting narratives helps individuals to make sense of their experiences and author more empowering life stories.

For instance, someone struggling with the impact of a traumatic childhood may find ways to externalize their trauma. Through Narrative Therapy, people find space to distance themselves from painful experiences and understand that these past events do not define them. People find the power to rewrite their stories, reclaiming their lives and narrative.

Narrative Therapy in family settings can lead to a better understanding of each member as an individual, leading to enhanced empathy, improved communication, and a more harmonious dynamic. Family settings can be home to repetitive cycles and unhelpful self-beliefs—narrative therapy allows people to let go of identities and behaviors that no longer serve them.

Limitations of Narrative Therapy

Despite its benefits, Narrative Therapy has its limitations. It may not suit everyone, particularly those uncomfortable expressing themselves verbally or finding it difficult to separate themselves from their problems. Some people critique the idea that there are no absolute truths—it may be harmful for people who have been through trauma or abuse and just need someone to say “I believe you”. It demands active participation and introspection from the client, which some individuals might find challenging. And, as it is a relatively new form of therapy, there is little scientific research backing it.

Moving Forward With Narrative Therapy

Narrative Therapy enables us to view our problems not as insurmountable obstacles but as opportunities for growth, self-understanding, and transformation. Our lives, much like our narratives, are malleable and capable of change. Through interventions like Narrative Therapy, people can rewrite their stories, creating narratives that empower, rather than restrict. If you’re seeking a therapeutic approach focusing on empowerment and personal growth, Narrative Therapy might be the perfect solution.

At LifeStance, we know that everyone’s journey with mental health is different. We connect people to a variety of therapists who are experts in their field, offering the tailored support each person needs to thrive.

Authored By 

LifeStance Health
LifeStance Health

LifeStance is a mental healthcare company focused on providing evidence-based, medically driven treatment services for children, adolescents, and adults suffering from a variety of mental health issues in an outpatient care setting, both in-person and through its digital health telemedicine offering.


Reviewed By

Nicholette Leanza, LPCC-S
Nicholette Leanza, LPCC-S

Nicholette is a faculty member at John Carroll University’s Clinical Counseling program, and she is also the host of the LifeStance podcast, Convos from the Couch.